I asked him to lunch with me at the Holborn, and we started off together in a hansom. (Dr John Watson)
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Mr. Joyce Cummings, the rising barrister who was entrusted with the defence.
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Scotland Yard

“I’d rather have you than Scotland Yard, Mr. Holmes.” (Sergeant Coventry)
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Charing Cross, London

Dr Watson’s Bank.

Sotheby's or Christie's

“Now and again I drive down to Sotheby’s or Christie‘s. Otherwise I very seldom leave my room.” (Nathan Garrideb)
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Scotland Yard, London

“I have been down to see friend Lestrade at the Yard.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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A machine-like footman took up our cards.
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Scotland Yard, London

“Stop! Where are you going?”
“To Scotland Yard.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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“I’ll tell him that the stone is in Liverpool.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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I need not say that my eyes had hardly glanced over the paragraph before I had sprung into a hansom and was on my way to Baker Street.
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Morning Post

Three days later appeared a paragraph in the Morning Post to say that the marriage between Baron Adelbert Gruner and Miss Violet de Merville would not take place. The same paper had the first police-court hearing of the proceedings against Miss Kitty Winter on the grave charge of vitriol-throwing.
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Cockaded coachman/Armorial bearings

A brougham was waiting for him. He sprang in, gave a hurried order to the cockaded coachman, and drove swiftly away. He flung his overcoat half out of the window to cover the armorial bearings upon the panel.
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Murderers mouth

If ever I saw a murderer’s mouth it was there — a cruel, hard gash in the face, compressed, inexorable, and terrible. He was ill-advised to train his moustache away from it, for it was Nature’s danger-signal, set as a warning to his victims.
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District messenger

A district messenger was duly dispatched with it.
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It is said that the barrister who crams up a case with such care that he can examine an expert witness upon the Monday has forgotten all his forced knowledge before the Saturday.
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“Put my pipe on the table — and the tobacco-slipper.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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I found Sir Leslie Oakshott, the famous surgeon, in the hall and his brougham waiting at the curb. (Dr John Watson)
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Middle Ages

“ I have seen such faces in the pictures of the old masters of the Middle Ages.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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“Well, you surely know enough about this devil to prevent any decent girl in her senses wanting to be in the same parish with him.” (Kitty Winter)
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Post-hypnotic suggestion

“I thought of what the rascal had said about a post-hypnotic influence. One could really believe that she was living above the earth in some ecstatic dream. Yet there was nothing indefinite in her replies.” (Sherlock Holmes)
  • The giving of ideas or instructions to a subject under hypnosis that are intended to affect behavior after the hypnotic trance ends.
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Had Johnson been a “nark” of the police he would soon have been exposed, but as he dealt with cases which never came directly into the courts, his activities were never realized by his companions.
  • A nark is someone to informs on other people, usually to the police.


“I’m a bit of a single-stick expert, as you know. I took most of them on my guard. It was the second man that was too much for me.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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On the seventh day the stitches were taken out, in spite of which there was a report of erysipelas in the evening papers.
  • An acute, sometimes recurrent disease caused by a bacterial infection. It is characterized by large, raised red patches on the skin, esp. that of the face and legs, with fever and severe general illness.


“I’m yours to the rattle” (Kitty Winter)
  • Meaning to the very end - even death.
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“My old friend Charlie Peace was a violin virtuoso. Wainwright was no mean artist.”
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Charlie Peace

“My old friend Charlie Peace was a violin virtuoso. Wainwright was no mean artist.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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Short frocks

“My client however is an old friend, one who has known the General intimately for many years and taken a paternal interest in this young girl since she wore short frocks.” (Sir James Damery)


The lavender spats over the varnished shoes.
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Christie or Sotheby

“I could perhaps suggest that the set should be valued by an expert.”
“Excellent, Watson! You scintillate to-day. Suggest Christie or Sotheby.”
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Ruritania - Cunard Line

It was simply that among the passengers on the Cunard boat Ruritania, starting from Liverpool on Friday, was the Baron Adelbert Gruner, who had some important financial business to settle in the States.
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Sherlock Holmes - Deductions

“I knew, also, that he (Baron Gruner) had come to England and had a presentiment that sooner or later he would find me some work to do.” (Sherlock Holmes) Read More...

Sherlock Holmes - Character Illustrations

Both Holmes and I had a weakness for the Turkish bath. It was over a smoke in the pleasant lassitude of the drying-room that I have found him less reticent and more human than anywhere else. Read More...

Sherlock Holmes - Sayings

“A complex mind,” said Holmes. “All great criminals have that.” Read More...

Dr Watson - Dr Hill Barton

Holmes handed me a card upon which was printed:

‘Dr. Hill Barton, 369 Half Moon Street.’

“That is your name for the evening, Watson.”

“You may as well be a medical man, since that is a part which you can play without duplicity. You are a collector this set has come your way, you have heard of the Baron’s interest in the subject, and you are not averse to selling at a price.” (Sherlock Holmes)

Book written by Baron Gruner on the subject of Chinese Pottery

“Who told you I was a connoisseur?”
“I was aware that you had written a book upon the subject.”
“Have you read the book?”
“Dear me, this becomes more and more difficult for me to understand! You are a connoisseur and collector with a very valuable piece in your collection, and yet you have never troubled to consult the one book which would have told you of the real meaning and value of what you held.”

Book of Baron Gruner

“It‘s a book he has — a brown leather book with a lock, and his arms in gold on the outside." (Kitty Winter) Read More...


I knelt by the injured man and turned that awful face to the light of the lamp. The vitriol was eating into it everywhere and dripping from the ears and the chin. One eye was already white and glazed. The other was red and inflamed. The features which I had admired a few minutes before were now like some beautiful painting over which the artist has passed a wet and foul sponge. They were blurred, discoloured, inhuman, terrible.
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Ming saucer

He opened the lid and took out a small object most carefully wrapped in some fine Eastern silk. This he unfolded, and disclosed a delicate little saucer of the most beautiful deep-blue colour. Read More...

Letter from Dr Watson aka Dr Hill Barton to Baron Gruner

“You will merely say that you are coming, and why.”

It was an admirable document, short, courteous, and stimulating to the curiosity of the connoisseur. A district messenger was duly dispatched with it.

Note from Sir James Damery to Sherlock Holmes

It was from the Carlton Club and dated the evening before. This is what I read:

‘Sir James Damery presents his compliments to Mr. Sherlock Holmes and will call upon him at 4:30 to-morrow. Sir James begs to say that the matter upon which he desires to consult Mr. Holmes is very delicate and also very important. He trusts, therefore, that Mr. Holmes will make every effort to grant this interview, and that he will confirm it over the telephone to the Carlton Club.’

Professor Moriarty and Colonel Sebastian Moran

“If your man is more dangerous than the late Professor Moriarty, or than the living Colonel Sebastian Moran, then he is indeed worth meeting.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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  • The Adventure of the Final Problem
  • The Adventure of the Empty House

369 Half Moon Street, London

Address of the fictional Dr Hill Barton.

Imperial Palace, Peking

“A complete set of this would be worth a king‘s ransom — in fact, it is doubtful if there is a complete set outside the imperial palace of Peking.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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London Library, St. James's Square, London

Finally I drove to the London Library in St. James’s Square, put the matter to my friend Lomax, the sublibrarian, and departed to my rooms with a goodly volume under my arm. (Dr Watson)
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The Cunard ship Ruritania sailed from Liverpool.

It was simply that among the passengers on the Cunard boat Ruritania, starting from Liverpool on Friday, was the Baron Adelbert Gruner, who had some important financial business to settle in the States. (Notice in Newspaper)
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Glasshouse Street, London

The miscreants who attacked him appear to have been respectably dressed men, who escaped from the bystanders by passing through the Cafe Royal and out into Glasshouse Street behind it.

Charing Cross Hospital, London

He (Sherlock Holmes) was carried to Charing Cross Hospital and afterwards insisted upon being taken to his rooms in Baker Street.
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Cafe Royal, Regent Street, London

There are no exact details to hand, but the event seems to have occurred about twelve o’clock in Regent Street, outside the Cafe Royal.
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Between the Grand Hotel and Charing Cross Station

I think I could show you the very paving-stone upon which I stood when my eyes fell upon the placard, and a pang of horror passed through my very soul. It was between the Grand Hotel and Charing Cross Station, where a one-legged news-vender displayed his evening papers. The date was just two days after the last conversation. There, black upon yellow, was the terrible news-sheet. (Dr John Watson)

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104 Berkeley Square, London

London home of General de Merville and his daughter Violet.

“One of those awful gray London castles which would make a church seem frivolous.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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“I heard that he was beaten by some Apaches in the Montmartre district and crippled for life.” (Sherlock Holmes)
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Simpson's Restaurant

I met him by appointment that evening at Simpson’s, where, sitting at a small table in the front window and looking down at the rushing stream of life in the Strand, he told me something of what had passed.
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Parkhurst Prison

Johnson, I grieve to say, made his name first as a very dangerous villain and served two terms at Parkhurst.
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For a short time he played polo at Hurlingham, but then this Prague affair got noised about and he had to leave.
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Vernon Lodge, Nr. Kingston

Present address of Baron Gruner.

The beautiful house and grounds indicated that Baron Gruner was, as Sir James had said, a man of considerable wealth. A long winding drive, with banks of rare shrubs on either side, opened out into a great gravelled square adorned with statues. The place had been built by a South African gold king in the days of the great boom, and the long, low house with the turrets at the corners, though an architectural nightmare, was imposing in its size and solidity.
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Khyber Pass

General de Merville of Khyber fame.
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Splugen Pass

“It is my business to follow the details of Continental crime. Who could possibly have read what happened at Prague and have any doubts as to the man’s guilt! It was a purely technical legal point and the suspicious death of a witness that saved him! I am as sure that he killed his wife when the socalled ‘accident’ happened in the Splugen Pass as if I had seen him do it .” (Sherlock Holmes)
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Queen Anne Street, London

Dr Watson had rooms in Queen Anne Street at the time.

Carlton Club, London

Sir James Damery was a member of this Club and the note he sent to Sherlock Holmes was from this address.
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Turkish bath, Northumberland Avenue

Both Holmes and I had a weakness for the Turkish bath. It was over a smoke in the pleasant lassitude of the drying-room that I have found him less reticent and more human than anywhere else. On the upper floor of the Northumberland Avenue establishment there is an isolated corner where two couches lie side by side, and it was on these that we lay upon September 3, 1902, the day when my narrative begins.
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Two armed men

Two armed men with sticks who attacked Sherlock Holmes outside the Cafe Royal.

The Client

“It is a loyal friend and a chivalrous gentleman,” said Holmes, holding up a restraining hand. “Let that now and forever be enough for us.” (Sherlock Holmes)

Le Brun, the French agent

“I heard that he was beaten by some Apaches in the Montmartre district and crippled for life.” (Sherlock Holmes)

Butler to Baron Gruner

A butler who would have adorned a bench of bishops, showed me in and handed me over to a plush-clad footman, who ushered me into the Baron’s presence.


Sublibrarian at the London Library in St. James’s Square.

Finally I drove to the London Library in St. James’s Square, put the matter to my friend Lomax, the sublibrarian, and departed to my rooms with a goodly volume under my arm. (Dr John Watson)

Sir Leslie Oakshott

The famous surgeon who attended Sherlock Holmes after the murderous attack on his person. Read More...

General de Merville

Father of Violet de Merville.

Shinwell Johnson

A huge, coarse, red-faced, scorbutic man, with a pair of vivid black eyes which were the only external sign of the very cunning mind within. Read More...

Kitty Winter

A slim, flame-like young woman with a pale, intense face, youthful, and yet so worn with sin and sorrow that one read the terrible years which had left their leprous mark upon her. Read More...

Violet de Merville

Young, rich, beautiful, accomplished, a wonder-woman in every way. Read More...

Baron Adelbert Gruner

The Austrian Murderer.

Sir James Damery

He has rather a reputation for arranging delicate matters which are to be kept out of the papers. Read More...


Five minutes had not passed before we were flying in a hansom down Baker Street.
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Turkish bath

“Why the relaxing and expensive Turkish rather than the invigorating home-made article?”
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Simpson's Restaurant, Strand

One of Holmes and Watson’s favourite restaurants.

“When we have finished at the police-station I think that something nutritious at Simpson’s would not be out of place.”
(Sherlock Holmes)
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Barclay Square, London

Where Admiral Sinclair had a house and where Sir James Walter dined on the evening of the incident.
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  • (There is not a Barclay Square in London, but since Berkeley and Barclay are pronounced very much the same in English, perhaps ACD was thinking of this famous square.)

Colonel Sebastian Moran

The second most dangerous man in London.

Professor Moriarty

He is extremely tall and thin, his forehead domes out in a white curve, and his two eyes are deeply sunken in his head. He is clean-shaven, pale, and ascetic-looking, retaining something of the professor in his features. His shoulders are rounded from much study, and his face protrudes forward and is forever slowly oscillating from side to side in a curiously reptilian fashion. Read More...

Northumberland Avenue, London

Francis Hay Moulton had been staying at one of the select hotels on Northumberland Avenue.
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Scotland Yard, London

Scotland Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London. Founded on 29th September 1829, on a street off Whitehall, near to the Houses of Parliament, London.
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Charing Cross Station, London

Main London station opened on 11th January 1864.
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Inner Temple

Godfrey Norton had rooms here.

Dr John Watson

Companion and chronicler of Sherlock Holmes.

Sherlock Holmes

“Well, I have a trade of my own. I suppose I am the only one in the world. I’m a consulting detective, if you can understand what that is. Here in London we have lots of government detectives and lots of private ones. When these fellows are at fault, they come to me, and I manage to put them on the right scent." (Sherlock Holmes) (Study in Scarlet)
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